Yala National Park

Yala national park is the second largest national park in Sri Lanka. It is situated in the south eastern region of Sri Lanka and extends over two provinces of Hammbantota district of southern province and Monaragala district in Uva province. The entrance to the park is at Palatupana. The distance from Colombo to the entry point of Palatupana is 305 km.The climate in Yala is hot and humid. Yala national park spreads over an area of 1260 square kilometers. The park consists of five blocks, two of which are now open to the public. It is important for the conservation of Sri Lankan elephants,Sri Lankan leopards and aquatic birds.

location-yala national park sri lanka
location-yala national park sri lanka

Flora

flora-yala national park
flora-yala national park

Yala national park has many varities of ecosystems including moist monsoon forest, dry monsoon forests, semi deciduous forests,thorn forests, grasslands, marshes, marine wetlands, and sandy beaches. Yala national park that consists of five blocks. The area under forest cover mainly consists of block I. Habitat types of the block I are tanks and water holes, lagoons and mangroves and chena lands. The vegetation of block II is similar to those of block I. Forests are more widespread in In the blocks III, IV, and V. In the seasonally flooded areas of block II, a wild species of rice is found.

map-yala national park
map-yala national park

Birds

Seven endemic bird species can find in yala national park. They are sri lanka grey hornbill, sri lanka junglefowl, sri lanka wood pigeon, crimson-fronted barbet, black-capped bulbul, blue-tailed bee-eater and brown-capped babbler.

  • Sri lanka grey hornbillbirds-yala national park                                                                                           birds-yala national park
  • Sri lanka junglefowl

    birds-yala national park
    birds-yala national park
  • Sri lanka wood pigeon

    birds-yala national park
    birds-yala national park
  • Crimson-fronted barbet
birds-yala national park
birds-yala national park
  • Black-capped bulbul

    birds-yala national park
    birds-yala national park
  • Blue-tailed bee-eater

    birds-yala national park
    birds-yala national park
  • Brown-capped babbler

    birds-yala national park
    birds-yala national park

Mammals

44 species of mammals are resident in Yala national park. It has one of the highest leopard densities in the world. 25 individual leopards are estimated to roam in Block I. The elephant herd of Yala contains 300–350 individuals. Sri lankan sloth bear, wild water buffalo, toque macaque,golden palm civet, fishing cat be seen in Yala.

  • Sri lankan sloth bear

    mammals-yala national park
    mammals-yala national park
  • Wild water buffalo
mammals-yala national park
  • Toque macaque

    mammals-yala national park
  • Golden palm civet

    mammals-yala national park
  • Fishing cat
mammals-yala national park

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Reference wikipedia
Read the article about Udawalawe National Park click here

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